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North Dakota Geological Society
P.O. Box 82, Bismarck, ND  58502-0082



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2014-15 Officers

President: Timothy Nesheim  (tonesheim@nd.gov)  
Vice President:  Russell Martin (rsmartin@nd.gov)
Secretary/Treasurer:  Scott Korom (skorom@barr.com)



FEBRUARY 2015 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON

Date & Time: 12:00 PM (Noon), Tuesday, February 17th, 2015

Location: Department of Mineral Resources, 1000 E. Calgary Ave., Bismarck, ND – Conference room

Speaker: Scott Korom
Scott F. Korom spent 20 years in the Department of Geology & Geological Engineering at the University of North Dakota. Last August he accepted a position with Barr Engineering in Bismarck. In the Assessment and Remediation Business Unit he works on a broad range of projects from geologic storage to groundwater remediation to reducing nutrients in runoff. He enjoys using geological principals to guide decisions about managing natural resources for the benefit of society.

Topic: North Dakota’s Extraordinary Outwash Aquifers
North Dakota has a system for prioritizing aquifers known as the Geographic Targeting System. It ranks aquifers by equally weighting three factors: vulnerability, sensitivity, and risk. Aquifer vulnerability is determined using the DRASTIC model developed by the EPA. It is based on physical parameters, such as depth to groundwater, recharge, aquifer media, etc. This is a popular model and represents a good “first-cut” at determining aquifer vulnerability. However, North Dakota’s drift aquifers are often comprised of shale fragments, which make them some of the most geochemically reactive aquifers in the world. Some of our aquifers that rank as most vulnerable based on their DRASTIC scores have the ability to naturally cleanse themselves of nitrate and to retard the transport of organic contaminants. Working to include this knowledge in North Dakota’s next generation of aquifer assessment tools will make them among the most up-to-date and scientifically-based in the country.

Cost: Lunch $5.00 - Lunch will include pizza and pop.

Annual Dues: Annual Dues are $20.00
If you haven’t submitted them already, please consider payment at the meeting or online. It will be much appreciated. Annual dues cover August 1st of each year through the following July 31st.

Other Announcements:

Teacher of the Year Award
Over the past year, Timothy Nesheim has been working on developing an Earth Science Teacher of the Year (TOTY) Award for North Dakota, which he has discussed at several past meetings. A similar award is supported by the Montana, New Mexico, and Utah Geological Societies for their respective states as well as the Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists (RMAG) for Colorado. Tim has communicated with members of these other geological societies and developed an outline for an Earth Science TOTY for North Dakota. Please review the attached PDF (ND TOTY outline) and let Tim know if you have any comments and/or suggestions either by email (tonesheim@nd.gov) and/or at the upcoming society meeting. If the ND Geological Society plans to begin an Earth Science TOTY this year, we will need to finalize the award process within the next several weeks in order to properly advertise the award.

Dickinson State University Keynote Speaker
DSU is preparing for their annual Student Research Conference and the ND Geological Society has been approached by the conference organizers to aid in the efforts of finding candidates for a keynote speaker. Please see the attachment for details.



JANUARY 2015 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON

Date & Time: 12:00 PM (Noon), Tuesday, January 20th, 2015

Location: Department of Mineral Resources, 1000 E. Calgary Ave., Bismarck, ND – Conference room

Speaker: Todd Holweger
Todd is the DMR Permit Manager in charge of supervising all Oil & Gas, and Geophysical permits. He started his career earning his Associates of Applied Science Degree from North Dakota State College of Science in Wahpeton, ND; May 1989. He then earned his Bachelors of Science Degree from University of North Dakota in Grand Forks, ND in December 1995. After graduating, he moved to Dickinson and worked as a mud logger for Tooke Rockies for a short time. Then he was offered a position with the NDIC Oil and Gas Division, in 1996, as a field inspector in Dickinson where he worked until 2006- when he moved into Bismarck and ultimately into his current position.

Topic: NDIC Oil & Gas Permitting and Activity Update.
Discussion will center around general North Dakota activity, multi-well pads, energy corridors as well as uniform spacing. Statistics will be presented and are indicative of the efficient fast paced “common sense approach” nature of the regulatory business at the Oil and Gas Division. The permitting process will be explored in detail as well, including new rules & policies recently adopted in 2014.

Cost: Lunch $5.00 - Lunch will include pizza and pop.




DECEMBER 2014 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON

Date & Time: 12:00 PM (Noon), Tuesday, December 9th, 2014

Location: Department of Mineral Resources, 1000 E. Calgary Ave., Bismarck, ND – Conference room

Speaker: Scott Radig
Scott Radig began working as an environmental engineer for the North Dakota Department of Health’s Division of Water Supply and Pollution Control in 1989. In 2000, he became the program manager for the Ground Water Protection Program, responsible for source water protection, underground injection control, ground water remediation, aquifer monitoring and emergency response. In 2005, Scott became the director of the Division of Waste Management, which is responsible for the federally delegated Hazardous Waste Program, Solid Waste Program, Underground Storage Tank and Leaking Underground Storage Tank Program, and Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB) Inspection Program. Prior to joining the Department of Health, he worked as a field hydrologist for the United States Geological Survey and as a petroleum engineer at the North Dakota Oil and Gas Division. A North Dakota native, Scott earned a bachelors degree in geological engineering from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology and is a registered Professional Engineer.

Topic: Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (TENORM) Management and Regulation in North Dakota

Cost: Lunch $5.00 - Lunch will include pizza and pop.


NOVEMBER 2014 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON

Date & Time: 12:00 PM (Noon), Thursday, November 20th, 2014

Location: Heritage Center, 612 E. Boulevard Ave., Bismarck, ND (near the Capitol building) – Lecture rooms A & B

Speaker: Jeff Person

Jeff is a paleontologist and Bismarck native. A graduate of The University of North Dakota (BS Geology) and the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (MS Paleontology), Jeff returned to Bismarck after working at the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History in Norman, OK for nearly a decade. He has been with the North Dakota Geological Survey since 2008. Jeff’s focus has been on prehistoric mammals, but has recently become very interested in the overall paleontology of North Dakota.

Topic: Behind the scenes tour of the new Paleontological Laboratory/Geologic Time Gallery

Cost: Lunch $5.00 - Lunch will include pizza and pop.

Annual Dues: Annual Dues are $20.00.  If you haven’t submitted them already, please consider payment at the meeting or online. It will be much appreciated. Annual dues cover August 1st of each year through the following July 31st.



OCTOBER 2014 MEETING

SPECIAL PRESENTATION ANNOUNCEMENT


Please join us for an evening social event featuring a presentation provided through the American Association of Petroleum Geologist’s Distinguished Lecture Program. The event will open at 6:00 pm allowing guests to socialize and meet the speaker. The talk will begin at 7 pm. For planning purposes, please indicate intention to attend by email to Ned Kruger at nwkruger@nd.gov.

Date & Time: 6-8 PM, Thursday, October 16th, 2014

Location: Radisson Hotel, 605 East Broadway Avenue, downtown Bismarck

Speaker: Don Clark, Consulting Geologist, University of Southern California

Topic: Hydraulic Fracturing and Earthquakes. Ethically, how do we move forward and do the right thing.

Refreshments: Hors d’oeuvres (enough for a meal) will be provided at no cost to attendees. Members and guests may purchase their preferred beverages from a hotel bar near the meeting room.




SEPTEMBER 2013 MEETING

STEAK FRY KICK-OFF PICNIC


Date & Time: 6:00 PM, Tuesday, Sept. 9, 2014

Location: The home of Mark and Kim Bohrer, 523 Sudbury Avenue, Bismarck.

Topic: A time of good food, renewed acquaintances and a very short business meeting, including officer nominations for the upcoming year. Mark Bohrer will be our chef again this year with his phenomenal pitchfork Steak Fondue and all the fixings.

Limitations:  This meeting and picnic is for members, their families and prospective members. Mark needs to know how many steaks, so we NEED to have you RSVP to this e-mail or by phone to Ned Kruger (nkruger@nd.gov or 701-328-8008) by 5 pm (Sept 5th)!!!

Cost: $10.00 per adult (children eat for free)

Annual Dues: $20.00 Payment at the picnic or online will be much appreciated.




MAY 2014 MEETING

SPECIAL PRESENTATION ANNOUNCEMENT


Please join us for an evening social event featuring a presentation provided through the American Association of Petroleum Geologist’s Distinguished Lecture Program. The event will open at 6:00 pm allowing guests to socialize and meet the speaker. The talk will begin at 7 pm. In addition to the Society membership, this talk is open to members of the general public who have an interest in geosciences. For planning purposes, please indicate intention to attend by email to Ned Kruger at nwkruger@nd.gov.

Date & Time: 6-8 PM, Wednesday, May 14th, 2014

Location: Kelly Inn, 1800 N. 12th St., Bismarck

Speaker: Dr. Webster Mohriak (AAPG Distinguished Lecturer)
To learn more about Dr. Mohriak, visit the following weblink: http://www.aapg.org/education/dist_lect/2013-2014/mohriak.cfm

Topic: Birth and Development of Continental Margin Basins: Analogies from the South Atlantic, North Atlantic and the Red Sea

The results of regional deep seismic acquisition in the South Atlantic continental margins have shed new lights on the birth and development of sedimentary basins formed during the Gondwana breakup. Recent models of mantle exhumation as observed in the deep water Iberian margin have been applied extensively to the interpretation of several basins in the Eastern Brazilian and West African conjugate margins. However, the tectonic development of these basins is markedly different from the magma-poor margins, and in this lecture we emphasize the contrasts from the tectono-sedimentary features imaged in deep-penetrating seismic profiles that extend from the platform towards the oceanic crust, which indicate that the Red Sea constitutes a better analogue for the birth of divergent continental margins.

This lecture also emphasizes differences in basins developed along conjugate margins in the South Atlantic. Integration of geological and geophysical methods characterize widespread volcanism in the southernmost segment (Pelotas-Santos basins in Brazil and Namibia in West Africa), which are probably related to mantle thermal anomalies. The lack of volcanic features in local portions of the margins, particularly in the shallow-water platform regions (example, Camamu-Almada and Sergipe-Alagoas basins in northeast Brazil) are also discussed, pointing that even in these regions the continent-ocean boundary shows evidence of mantle melts and formation of wedges of seaward-dipping reflectors, as in the JacuĂpe Basin.

The central segment of the South Atlantic, from Espirito Santo to Santos basins in Brazil, and from Gabon to Angola in West Africa, is characterized by a major salt basin developed with the first marine ingressions in the Late Aptian. Salt tectonics is responsible for most of the exploratory plays along the margins, with autochthonous and allochthonous salt structures associated with existing and conceptual petroleum accumulations.

An overview of the geological concepts that evolved rapidly during the last three decades brings new lights on the challenges of petroleum exploration in the ultradeep water provinces of divergent continental margins. This talk also shares with the scientific community the methods and results from the application of modern geological and geophysical tools that help in the interpretation of the crustal architecture, rift structures and the salt tectonics elements that are crucial to basin analysis studies.

Refreshments: Hors d’oeuvres (enough for a meal) will be provided at no cost to attendees. Members and guests may purchase their preferred beverages from a hotel bar near the meeting room.




APRIL 2014 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON

Please join us over lunchtime for the April meeting of the North Dakota Geological Society. We will have a short business meeting to be followed by this month’s speaker, Jason Westbrock with Barr Engineering.

Date & Time: Noon, Tuesday, April 8th, 2014

Location: Barr Engineering, 234 West Century Avenue (West of the Starion Financial Branch in the northwest corner of the intersection of Washington and Century)

Speakers: Jason Westbrock, Barr Engineering.

Topic: Erosion and Sedimentation Study of the Mouse River.

Cost: This month’s pizza and pop lunch is being sponsored by Barr Engineering.




MARCH 2014 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON
 Please join us over lunchtime for the March meeting of the North Dakota Geological Society. We will have a short business meeting to be followed by this month’s speakers from Golder Associates.  (view full March Geologram)

Date & Time: Noon, Tuesday, March 11th, 2014

Location: DMR/Oil and Gas Division Conference Room – 1000 E. Calgary Ave. (west side, lower level)

Speakers: Ashley A. Breiland, Jacqueline M. Doroff, and Jonathan B. Ellingson – Golder Associates Inc.

Topic: Aggregate Resource Mapping – Sand, Gravel, and Scoria Mapping for Oil & Gas Industry Use in Western ND.

With the steady increase of activity in the Williston Basin due to the Bakken oil boom, the need for aggregate resources has been on the rise. From access roads and highways to oil pads, construction aggregate is a key component to our infrastructure in North Dakota. Both glacial and fluvial processes, overtime, have provided the state with abundant sand and gravel resources, however proximity to the market and quality of material are always a challenge. With the lack of quality stone in southwestern North Dakota, Scoria has also become a very important resource for companies to explore and extract. Through the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), digital elevation models, topographic maps, aerial analyses, water well stratigraphic analysis, soil survey data, vegetation types, and field exploration, new aggregate resources are being located to meet the increased demand in the oil and gas fields in western North Dakota as well as throughout the state.

Cost: $5 – Includes pizza and pop lunch.  
  • Upcoming meeting dates – location – speaker

April 8:  Barr Engineering (Lunch meeting) - Jason Westbrock, Barr Engineering

May 14*:  Radisson Hotel Bismarck – AAPG Distinguish Lecturer

No meetings scheduled for June, July, or August 

September 9*:  Sertoma Park – Annual steak-fry picnic 

* Dates tentative




FEBRUARY 2014 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON

Please join us over lunchtime for the February meeting of the North Dakota Geological Society.  We will have a short business meeting to be followed by this month’s speaker, Eric Brevik.

 Date & Time:  Noon, Tuesday, February 18th, 2014

 Location:  DMR/Oil and Gas Division Conference Room – 1000 E. Calgary Ave. (west side, lower level)

Speaker: Eric Brevik, Dickinson State University

Eric C. Brevik is a Professor of Geology and Soils and chair of the Department of Natural Sciences at Dickinson State University. Eric earned his BS and MA degrees in Geology from the University of North Dakota and his PhD in Soil Science at Iowa State University. He has taught courses in soil science and geology at Valdosta State University (Georgia) and Dickinson State University since 2001. His research interests include carbon sequestration by soil, the use of electrical conductivity methods in soil mapping, soil health and productivity, soils and society, and the integration of geological and soils information.

Topic: The impact of camping on soil properties in the Strawberry Lake campground in the Turtle Mountains  (click here to view presentation)

Recreational activity at campsites can cause anthropogenic compaction and metal contamination of soils.  This study compared the bulk densities, penetration resistance values, organic matter contents, and Zn, Mn, and Cu contents of soils sampled from zones of varying recreational activity within the campsites at Strawberry Lake, North Dakota, USA. The results of this study showed that there were statistically significant increases in the soil bulk densities and soil penetration resistance values compared to the controls.  However, the low recreational intensity has not compacted the surface soils beyond an average of 1.36 g cm-3, which is not dense enough to hinder the root growth of the surrounding vegetation.  There were no statistically significant differences between the soil organic matter content of the different activity zones at the 95% confidence interval.  Zinc values were four orders of magnitude and Cu values three to four orders of magnitude below US EPA guideline limits. The EPA does not have guidelines for Mn, but Mn levels were lower than reported typical natural values for a nearby area. Therefore, metal contents were not high enough to be of concern. Taken together, these results were interpreted to indicate that the low-intensity camping activities that occur at Strawberry Lake campground have not had a significant negative impact on the soils found there.

 Cost: $5 – Includes pizza and pop lunch. 

 

  • January meeting canceled due to weather

 Due to poor winter weather related travel conditions, the scheduled AAPG distinguished lecturer, Dr. Webster Mohriak, was unable to come to Bismarck and the January 27, 2014 meeting was cancelled.  We are looking into rescheduling this lecture as our meeting for the month of May.   

  •  Executive Committee Appoints Replacement Secretary/Treasurer

Jonathon Ellingson, senior project geologist & office manager with Golder Associates, Inc. in Bismarck, has indicated his willingness to fill the vacated Secretary/Treasurer position.   Thanks Jon.   



JANUARY 2014 MEETING
SPECIAL PRESENTATION ANNOUNCEMENT

Please join us for an evening social event featuring a presentation provided through the American Association of Petroleum Geologist’s Distinguished Lecture Program.  The event will open at 6:00 pm allowing guests to socialize and meet the speaker.  The talk will begin at 7 pm. In addition to the Society membership, this talk is open to members of the general public who have an interest in geosciences.  For planning purposes, please indicate intention to attend by email to Ned Kruger at nwkruger@nd.gov.

Date & Time:  6-8 PM, Monday, January 27th, 2014

Location:  Radisson Hotel, 605 East Broadway Avenue, downtown Bismarck

Speaker: Dr. Webster Mohriak  (AAPG Distinguished Lecturer)

To learn more about Dr. Mohriak, visit the following weblink: http://www.aapg.org/education/dist_lect/2013-2014/mohriak.cfm

Topic: Birth and Development of Continental Margin Basins: Analogies from the South Atlantic, North Atlantic and the Red Sea

The results of regional deep seismic acquisition in the South Atlantic continental margins have shed new lights on the birth and development of sedimentary basins formed during the Gondwana breakup. Recent models of mantle exhumation as observed in the deep water Iberian margin have been applied extensively to the interpretation of several basins in the Eastern Brazilian and West African conjugate margins. However, the tectonic development of these basins is markedly different from the magma-poor margins, and in this lecture we emphasize the contrasts from the tectono-sedimentary features imaged in deep-penetrating seismic profiles that extend from the platform towards the oceanic crust, which indicate that the Red Sea constitutes a better analogue for the birth of divergent continental margins.

This lecture also emphasizes differences in basins developed along conjugate margins in the South Atlantic. Integration of geological and geophysical methods characterize widespread volcanism in the southernmost segment (Pelotas-Santos basins in Brazil and Namibia in West Africa), which are probably related to mantle thermal anomalies. The lack of volcanic features in local portions of the margins, particularly in the shallow-water platform regions (example, Camamu-Almada and Sergipe-Alagoas basins in northeast Brazil) are also discussed, pointing that even in these regions the continent-ocean boundary shows evidence of mantle melts and formation of wedges of seaward-dipping reflectors, as in the JacuĂ­pe Basin.

The central segment of the South Atlantic, from Espirito Santo to Santos basins in Brazil, and from Gabon to Angola in West Africa, is characterized by a major salt basin developed with the first marine ingressions in the Late Aptian. Salt tectonics is responsible for most of the exploratory plays along the margins, with autochthonous and allochthonous salt structures associated with existing and conceptual petroleum accumulations.

An overview of the geological concepts that evolved rapidly during the last three decades brings new lights on the challenges of petroleum exploration in the ultradeep water provinces of divergent continental margins. This talk also shares with the scientific community the methods and results from the application of modern geological and geophysical tools that help in the interpretation of the crustal architecture, rift structures and the salt tectonics elements that are crucial to basin analysis studies.

Refreshments: Hors d’oeuvres (enough for a meal) will be provided at no cost to attendees.  Members and guests may purchase their preferred beverages from a hotel bar near the meeting room.

New Secretary-Treasurer Sought

The newly elected Secretary-Treasurer for the 2013-2014 year has asked to resign his office due to work obligations which will take him away from the Bismarck region for six months.  The remaining officers will search for a replacement.  Once found, that individual will be recommended for confirmation by membership vote at the next meeting.  Anyone interested in serving the North Dakota Geological Society in this role may contact Tim Nesheim (tonesheim@nd.gov ) or Ned Kruger (nwkruger@nd.gov).




DECEMBER 2013 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON

Date & Time:  12:00 PM, Wednesday, December 11th, 2013

Location:  The ND Geological Survey Conference Room – 1016 E. Calgary Ave.

Speaker:  Nick Lentz, Associate Director for Energy Technology Applications, University of North Dakota Institute for Energy Studies

Topic:  Handheld XRF Applications in the Williston Basin:  From Geosteering to Core Analysis

Handheld x-ray fluorescence is an elemental analysis technique that enables nondestructive analysis of cores and cuttings samples. The portability of the instrument enables it to be taken directly to drill sites, which can significantly speed up analysis turnaround and enable new applications such as assisting with well geosteering. The University of North Dakota Petroleum Engineering Department, along with Neset Consulting Services and Hess Corporation, evaluated a handheld XRF instrument for rapid cuttings analysis on-site in order to develop elemental patterns linked to facies and lithologies of interest while drilling. This analysis technique has the ability to help with facies identification as well as wellbore orientation during the drilling process.

Cost:  Dinner $5.00 - Lunch will include pizza and pop. 

Annual Dues:  Annual Dues are $20.  If you haven’t submitted them already, please consider payment at the meeting or online.   It will be much appreciated.


NOVEMBER 2013 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON

Date & Time:  12:00 PM, Tuesday, November 12th, 2013

Location:  The ND Geological Survey Conference Room – 1016 E. Calgary Ave.

Speaker:  Mark McDonald

Topic:  Geophysical Investigation and Assessment of the Rye Patch Known Geothermal Resource Area (KGRA), Rye Patch, Nevada 

Cost:  Dinner $5.00 - Dinner will include pizza and pop. 

Annual Dues:  Annual Dues are $20.  If you haven’t submitted them already, please consider payment at the meeting or online.   It will be much appreciated.


SEPTEMBER 2013 MEETING
SPECIAL PRESENTATION ANNOUNCEMENT

Please join us for an evening social event featuring a presentation provided through the American Association of Petroleum Geologist’s Distinguished Lecture Program. The event will open at 6:00 pm allowing guests to socialize and meet the speaker. The talk will begin at 7 pm. In addition to the Society membership, this talk is open to members of the general public who have an interest in geosciences. For planning purposes, please indicate intention to attend by email to Ned Kruger at nwkruger@nd.gov.

Date &Time:  6-8 PM, Monday, September 16, 2013

Location:  Radisson Hotel, 605 East Broadway, downtown Bismarck, ND

Speaker:  Dr. Shirley P. Dutton (AAPG Distinguished Lecturer)

To learn more about Dr. Jackson, visit the following weblink:
http://www.aapg.org/education/dist_lect/2013-2014/dutton.cfm

Topic:  Diagenetic Controls on Reservoir Quality in Deep to Ultradeep Paleogene Wilcox Sandstones, Gulf of Mexico

Abstract

The emplacement of shallow-level igneous intrusions in sedimentary basins may impact significantly on the development of petroleum systems. For example, the circulation of related hydrothermal fluids, which may reduce the porosity and permeability of host rock reservoirs, and associated host rock deformation may result in the formation of “forced fold” traps. Understanding the geometry and evolution of sub-volcanic intrusive networks in volcanogenic basins is thus of interest to the petroleum industry. Whilst field-based studies permit a detailed investigation of magma properties and localised host rock relationships, outcrops are often too small to fully characterise the three-dimensional geometry and size of large igneous complexes. Furthermore, ancient volcanic edifices, and their relation to the sub-volcanic “plumbing system”, are typically obscured at outcrop due to post-emplacement erosion or caldera collapse. In contrast, seismic reflection data, although typically limited in terms of their vertical resolution, can provide spectacular images of the intrusive and extrusive components of igneous networks.
In this study we use 2D and 3D seismic reflection and borehole data from the offshore Bight Basin (southern Australia) and Exmouth sub-basin (north-western Australia), to illustrate the seismic expression and range of geometries associated with sill-dominated, intrusive igneous networks connected to submarine volcanoes and vents. Three main types of sill are documented: (i) tabular sills; (ii) saucer-shaped sills; and (iii) transgressive sills. Seismic data resolution restricts a detailed analysis of sill volume, but our analysis indicates that the sills are up to 150 m thick, 16 km wide and 208 km2 in map-view area. In both basins, forced folds, which may represent hydrocarbon traps, are developed above a range of sills. In the Bight Basin, the fold amplitudes are consistently less than the thickness of the underlying intrusions. We interpret that this discrepancy reflects fluidisation and ductile flow of coal or carbonaceous claystones during sill emplacement at relatively shallow depths. In both study areas the sill-dominated networks are overlain by large (13 km wide by 800 m high), sub-circular mounds, the majority of which occur above the tips of sills; these mounds are interpreted as extrusive volcanic vents, adjacent to which pinch-out traps, which are related to stratigraphic onlap, may be developed .

From an applied perspective, the sill-dominated networks, although areally quite extensive, are not anticipated to impact the vertical migration of hydrocarbons, due to the presence of pervasive normal fault networks that may allow shallow level reservoirs to access deeply-buried source rocks. Although the sills may locally impact the reservoir quality of the host rock successions, forced folding, which is associated with sill emplacement in the shallow sub-surface, can result in the formation of viable hydrocarbon traps.

Refreshments: Hors d’oeuvres will be provided free of charge. Members and guests may purchase their preferred beverages at a hotel bar adjacent to the meeting room.



SEPTEMBER 2013 MEETING
STEAK FRY KICK-OFF PICIC


Date & Time:  5:30 PM , THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013

Location:  Shelter #11 - Sertoma Park, Bismarck.  (See map)  In the event of rain, we will move to the park Community Center, also shown on the map.  (click here to view Sertoma Park map)

Topic:  A time of good food, renewed acquaintances and a very short business meeting, including officer nominations for the upcoming year.  Mark Bohrer will be our chef again this year with his phenomenal pitchfork Steak Fondue and all the fixings.

Limitations: This meeting and picnic is for members, their families and prospective members.

Mark needs to know how many steaks, so we NEED to have you RSVP by e-mail or phone to Ned Kruger (nwkruger@nd.gov or 701-328-8008) by 5 pm, September 6th !!!

Cost:  No charge to attendees!  This steak fry is being provided through a contribution from Hess Corporation and by the Society.

Annual Dues: $20.00 Payment at the picnic will be much appreciated.
 Dues may also be paid online using the link in the left column.



ND Geological Society to offer short course

Source Rock Kinetics short course by Douglas Waples

 On Tuesday, May 7th, 2013, the ND Geological Society will be running a short course titled: "Source-rock kinetics: new methods of determining them, and novel applications to hydrocarbon exploration, especially unconventional" presented by Douglas Waples (click link below for abstract and Doug's Bio).  The short course will be held in the DMR conference room, 1000 E. Calgary Ave.,Bismarck, ND, from 8:30am to 4:30pm.  Please contact Timothy Nesheim at tonesheim@nd.gov if you are interested in attending.

- Cost is $200/person (professional) and $50/student.  Lunch is included.

- View short course description and presenter resume

- Pay short course fee by credit card or PayPal



MAY 2013 EVENING MEETING 

Date & Time:  6:00 PM, Monday, May 6, 2013

Location:  The New Oil and Gas Division Conference Room – 1000 E. Calgary Ave. (west side, lower level), Bismarck, ND

Speaker:  Douglas Waples

Topic:  Unconventional methods of determining source-rock kinetics




APRIL 2013 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON


Date & Time:  12:00 PM (noon) , Tuesday, April 9, 2013

Location:  The New Oil and Gas Division Conference Room – 1000 E. Calgary Ave. (west side, lower level), Bismarck, ND

Speaker:  Lorraine Manz, North Dakota Geological Survey

Topic:  Getting to the Bottom of a Grand Geologic Mystery - Lorraine will give a presentation on a recent geology based, guided hike she took into the Grand Canyon.

Cost:   A Pizza and Pop Lunch is being sponsored by Hess Corporation. Thanks Brian Lucero and Hess Corp!



MARCH 2013 MEETING
SPECIAL PRESENTATION ANNOUNCEMENT

Date &Time:  6-8 PM, Thursday, March 7, 2013

Location:  Radisson Hotel, downtown Bismarck, ND

Speaker:  Dr. Christopher A-L. Jackson (AAPG Distinguished Lecturer)

To learn more about Dr. Jackson, visit the following weblink: http://www.aapg.org/education/dist_lect/jacksonc.cfm

Topic:  The impact of igneous intrusions and extrusions on hydrocarbon prospectivity in extensional settings: a 3D seismic perspective

Abstract

The emplacement of shallow-level igneous intrusions in sedimentary basins may impact significantly on the development of petroleum systems. For example, the circulation of related hydrothermal fluids, which may reduce the porosity and permeability of host rock reservoirs, and associated host rock deformation may result in the formation of “forced fold” traps. Understanding the geometry and evolution of sub-volcanic intrusive networks in volcanogenic basins is thus of interest to the petroleum industry. Whilst field-based studies permit a detailed investigation of magma properties and localised host rock relationships, outcrops are often too small to fully characterise the three-dimensional geometry and size of large igneous complexes. Furthermore, ancient volcanic edifices, and their relation to the sub-volcanic “plumbing system”, are typically obscured at outcrop due to post-emplacement erosion or caldera collapse. In contrast, seismic reflection data, although typically limited in terms of their vertical resolution, can provide spectacular images of the intrusive and extrusive components of igneous networks.
In this study we use 2D and 3D seismic reflection and borehole data from the offshore Bight Basin (southern Australia) and Exmouth sub-basin (north-western Australia), to illustrate the seismic expression and range of geometries associated with sill-dominated, intrusive igneous networks connected to submarine volcanoes and vents. Three main types of sill are documented: (i) tabular sills; (ii) saucer-shaped sills; and (iii) transgressive sills. Seismic data resolution restricts a detailed analysis of sill volume, but our analysis indicates that the sills are up to 150 m thick, 16 km wide and 208 km2 in map-view area. In both basins, forced folds, which may represent hydrocarbon traps, are developed above a range of sills. In the Bight Basin, the fold amplitudes are consistently less than the thickness of the underlying intrusions. We interpret that this discrepancy reflects fluidisation and ductile flow of coal or carbonaceous claystones during sill emplacement at relatively shallow depths. In both study areas the sill-dominated networks are overlain by large (13 km wide by 800 m high), sub-circular mounds, the majority of which occur above the tips of sills; these mounds are interpreted as extrusive volcanic vents, adjacent to which pinch-out traps, which are related to stratigraphic onlap, may be developed .

From an applied perspective, the sill-dominated networks, although areally quite extensive, are not anticipated to impact the vertical migration of hydrocarbons, due to the presence of pervasive normal fault networks that may allow shallow level reservoirs to access deeply-buried source rocks. Although the sills may locally impact the reservoir quality of the host rock successions, forced folding, which is associated with sill emplacement in the shallow sub-surface, can result in the formation of viable hydrocarbon traps.

Refreshments: Hors d’oeuvres will be provided free of charge. Members and guests may purchase their preferred beverages at a hotel bar adjacent to the meeting room.



FEBRUARY 2013 MEETING
SPECIAL PRESENTATION ANNOUNCEMENT

Date &Time:  6-8 PM, Tuesday, February 12, 2013

Location:  Radisson Hotel, downtown Bismarck, ND

Speaker:  Dr. W.C. "Rusty" Riese, AAPG Distinguished Lecturer

Topic:  Oil Spills, Ethics, and Society: How they intersect and where the responsibilities reside (download powerpoint presentation 6 mb)

Abstract

Increasing global demand for energy has forced societies the world over to look for and use ever more diverse and expensive forms of energy to fuel their economies. Oil is a key part of this energy supply, particularly in the arena of transportation fuels. The corporations that supply energy have been pressed into increasingly challenging environments to meet public and governmental demands for inexpensive energy. Unfortunately, as we are reminded by the Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon incident, accidents can happen, the environment can be damaged, and people can lose their lives when we operate at the leading edges of technology.

When accidents occur, our responses typically tend to blame individuals, corporations, or regulators, rather than the public whose demand for cheap, readily available energy forces exploration in new, more challenging frontiers. Public opinions on this subject are shaped by a combination of self-education, fulminating politicians, and aggressive, sensationalist journalists.

Exploring more than societal interests at a national level puts our pursuit of inexpensive energy into context. This context pits the competing interests of developing countries, which demand ever increasing shares of the world's resources, against broader, trans-national interests groups which are worried that continued dependence on energy-dense fossil fuels may cause runaway global warming and climate changes that may in turn destroy the earth's ecosystems.

Ultimate responsibilities for oil spills lie within this mix of competing demands and expectations – a mix far more complicated than most people are aware of or are willing to consider. All of us who consume energy have an ethical obligation to educate ourselves, and those around us, on the consequences of our demands for energy and for the environment.

Biography

Dr. W.C. “Rusty” Riese is a geoscientist based in Houston, Texas. He is widely experienced having worked in both minerals and petroleum as a geologist, geochemist, and manager during more than 39 years in industry. He participated in the National Petroleum Council evaluation of natural gas supply and demand for North America which was conducted at the request of the Secretary of Energy and in the more recent analysis of global supply and demand requested by the same agency. He is currently a member of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists Committee on Resource Evaluations, and a member of the House of Delegates.

Rusty has written extensively and lectured on various topics in economic geology including biogeochemistry, isotope geochemistry, uranium ore deposits, sequence stratigraphy, and coalbed methane petroleum systems; and he holds numerous domestic and international patents. He has more than thirty years of teaching experience including twenty five years at Rice University where he developed the curricula in petroleum geology and industry risk and economic evaluation. He is currently an Adjunct Professor at Rice University, the Colorado State University, and the University of New Mexico, where he sits on the Caswell Silver Endowment advisory board. He is a fellow in the Geological Society of America and the Society of Economic Geologists; and a member of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists and several other professional organizations.

He earned his PhD from the University of New Mexico in 1980; his M.S. in geology from the same university in 1977; and his B.S. in geology from the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology in 1973. He is a Certified Professional Geologist, a Certified Petroleum Geologist, and is a Licensed and Registered Geologist in the states of Texas and South Carolina respectively.


JANUARY 2013 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON


Date & Time:  12:00 PM , WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013

Location:  The New Oil and Gas Division Conference Room – 1000 E. Calgary Ave. (west side, lower level), Bismarck, ND

Topic:  Review of Recent Diamond Exploration in northeastern North Dakota

North Dakota recently experienced its first diamond exploration test well, 10NDV001. Drilled in Pembina County of northeastern North Dakota in the fall of 2010 by Kennecott Exploration (a subsidiary of Rio Tinto), 10NDV001 was primarily in search of Kimberlites, tube shaped volcanic features that can contain diamonds. 10NDV001 came up diamond-less, encountering granitic gneiss and greenstone within the Precambrian section of the well. However, the potential of kimberlite presence in North Dakota remains.
Timothy’s presentation will review such topics as: the formation of Diamonds and Kimberlites, Kimberlite exploration methods, and how North Dakota’s Precambrian geology fits in with the tectonic assemblage of North America and relates to potential Kimberlite presence.

Speaker:  Timothy Nesheim

Timothy Nesheim received his Bachelor’s degree in Geosciences from the Minnesota State University of Moorhead (2007) and earned his M.S. in Structural Geology from the University of Iowa (2009). After graduating from Iowa, he took a temporary research position at Washington State University’s geochemical clean lab. He is currently a subsurface geologist with the North Dakota Geological Survey where he works on examining oil and gas bearing formations within the Williston Basin. He also spends some of his spare time examining the Precambrian/hard rock geology of North Dakota.

Cost:  Lunch $5.00 - Lunch will include pizza and pop.


Annual Dues:  $20.00 Payment at the picnic will be much appreciated.
 Dues may also be paid online using the link in the left column.



DECEMBER 2012 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON


Date & Time:  12:00 PM (Noon), Tuesday, December 18th, 2012 

Location:  The New Oil and Gas Division Conference Room – 1000 E. Calgary Ave. (west side, lower level)

Topic:  “Geology and Surface Mining” - the role that Geology plays in the surface mining process.

Speakers:  Steve Burke and Gerard Goven

Steve Burke  is a registered Professional Engineer.  Steve has a degree in Civil Engineering from NDSU.  He started at Falkirk in 2000 in the survey group.  In this role he was responsible for day to day surveying and machine guidance systems.  He spent 2 years as Water Management Engineer, 6 years managing the Information Systems Group and is currently a Senior Mining Engineer responsible for the Short Range Engineering Group.  Steve is married and has three children.  In his spare time he likes to make fun of geologists particularly Gerard Goven.

Gerard Goven received a BS in Geology from UND. He started at Falkirk in 2007 and is responsible for day to day geology and groundwater hydrology.  Prior to this he spent 8 years as an Environmental Scientist with the North Dakota Department of Health and 2 years with the North Dakota Geological Survey.  Gerard is married and has two children.  He has no spare time due to the demands placed on him by Mining Engineers, particularly Steve Burke.

Cost:  Lunch $5.00 - Lunch will include pizza and pop.


Annual Dues: $20.00 Payment at the picnic will be much appreciated.
 Dues may also be paid online using the link in the left column.



NOVEMBER 2012 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON

Date & Time:  12:00 PM (Noon), Thursday, November 13th, 2012

Location:  The New Oil and Gas Division Conference Room – 1000 E. Calgary Ave. (west side, lower level)

Topic 1:  Flooding on the Souris and Missouri Rivers in June 2011

The presentation will cover how flow data is collected, processed and made available to flood fighters. I will also discuss how the floods of record on the Souris River relate to past floods as well as the magnitude of the event. There will also be discussion on the complex changes that occurred on the Missouri River and the difficulties associated with determining the flood peak in Bismarck.

Speaker 1:  Steve Robinson - USGS

Steve began his career with the USGS in August 1985, while a student at Northern Illinois University, in DeKalb, Illinois. On completion of a BS in Geology, Steve started working full-time in the hydrologic data collection section in the DeKalb Field Office. While in DeKalb, Steve operated, maintained, and compiled data for 20 gaging stations, collected data for many flood events, and for numerous ground-water and surface-water projects. In June of 1997, Steve moved to Grand Forks, North Dakota as the Hydrologist-in-Charge. Steve directed four field staff in the data collection efforts for more than 60 data collection locations, in the eastern third of North Dakota. In November of 2003, Steve moved to Bismarck, North Dakota, as the Chief of the Hydrologic Records and Information Section. In his current position, Steve directs a staff of 18 and oversees the collection, compilation, and publication of hydrologic data for more than 200 surface-water, ground-water and water-quality data collection locations.

Topic 2:  Missouri River Geomorphic Assessment (2012-2015)

The Upper Missouri River regularly received annual peak flows above 100,000 cubic feet per second (cfs) prior to the completion of the Garrison Dam. Annual peak flows consistently have been between 30,000 and 45,000 cfs following dam completion. The largest flood since dam regulation occurred in 2011 following an abnormally high snow pack season and a week-long rain event in the headwaters. Flood releases from the Garrison Dam began in May 2011 and peaked in June with a flow of approximately 150,000 cfs. The peak flow was sustained for two weeks. The dam releases have had a discernible impact on the Missouri River throughout this section. The 2011 flood has highlighted the critical need for quantifying the complex interaction between the regional geomorphology and human activities. It is necessary to first understand and quantify the historical impacts of the dams in order to determine the impact of the 2011 flood on the channel configuration, morphology, and sediment dynamics. Presently, it is unclear whether or not the free-flowing stretch is in a steady state, but determining the sediment balance will yield insight into river dynamics on multiple temporal and spatial scales. Also, it is unknown how the channel is responding to the presence and operation of the two dams. Although this reach is considered free-flowing, there are likely long-term impacts from dam operations that have not been quantified. A study by the USGS was initiated in 2012 to 1) determine channel trajectory following dam closure and subsequent dam operation to provide a baseline for flood studies; 2) determine flood impacts on islands, sand bars, and infrastructure; 3) predict channel change through time around the Bismarck-Mandan area through numerical modeling; 4) assess the post-flood delta for potential ice jam issues and quantify reservoir sedimentation; 5) determine the sources, sinks, and loads of sediment throughout the free-flowing reach; and 6) determine flood impacts on in-channel and floodplain large woody debris and standing trees for island maintenance, sediment balance, fisheries, and navigation interests. The study is being conducted in cooperation with U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, ND State Water Commission, ND Department of Health, ND Game and Fish Department, ND Department of Transportation, Burleigh County WRB, Morton County WRB, Lower Heart River WRB, City of Bismarck, and the City of Mandan.

Speaker 2:  Joel Galloway – USGS

Steve began his career with the USGS in August 1985, while a student at Northern Illinois University, in DeKalb, Illinois. On completion of a BS in Geology, Steve started working full-time in the hydrologic data collection section in the DeKalb Field Office. While in DeKalb, Steve operated, maintained, and compiled data for 20 gaging stations, collected data for many flood events, and for numerous ground-water and surface-water projects. In June of 1997, Steve moved to Grand Forks, North Dakota as the Hydrologist-in-Charge. Steve directed four field staff in the data collection efforts for more than 60 data collection locations, in the eastern third of North Dakota. In November of 2003, Steve moved to Bismarck, North Dakota, as the Chief of the Hydrologic Records and Information Section. In his current position, Steve directs a staff of 18 and oversees the collection, compilation, and publication of hydrologic data for more than 200 surface-water, ground-water and water-quality data collection locations.


Cost:  Lunch $5.00 - Lunch will include pizza and pop.


Annual Dues: $20.00 Payment at the picnic will be much appreciated.
 Dues may also be paid online using the link in the left column.



OCTOBER 2012 MEETING
NOON LUNCHEON


Date & Time:  12:00 PM (Noon), Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

Location:  The New Oil and Gas Division Conference Room – 1000 E. Calgary Ave. (west side, lower level)

Topic:  A 5000 year record of carbon sequestration from a coastal lagoon and wetland complex, Southern California, USA

Coastal wetlands have the potential to accumulate C at high rates over long time periods because they continuously accrete and bury organic-rich sediments, giving soils in coastal wetlands a distinct advantage over many other environments in the sequestration of organic C. Given that coastal wetlands are being lost worldwide, it is important to understand their C sequestration potential. Sediments in a southern California, USA coastal lagoon-wetland complex were cored, and depositional environments were interpreted. Suitable materials were radiocarbon dated. Bulk density and organic C were grouped by depositional environments, and average mass of C per unit volume and C accumulation rates in each depositional environment were calculated. The total organic C sequestered and rates of sequestration in each depositional environment were in the following order from most (fastest) to least (slowest): lagoon, intertidal, salt marsh, freshwater marsh, aeolian. This study demonstrated that high levels of organic C are sequestered per unit volume of sediment (35.9 ± 3.2 kg m-3), and the mean rate of C accumulation was high (0.033 ± 0.0029 kg C m-2 year-1) over a relatively long time period (5000 years). Results of this study strongly demonstrate the importance and necessary high priority for preserving and restoring coastal wetlands. However, despite their excellent potential to sequester C, significant losses of coastal wetlands are occurring in the United States and elsewhere in the world.

Speaker:  Eric C. Brevik, Dickinson State University

Eric C. Brevik is a Professor of Geology and Soils and chair of the Department of Natural Sciences at Dickinson State University. Eric earned his BS and MA degrees in Geology from the University of North Dakota and his PhD in Soil Science at Iowa State University. He has taught courses in soil science and geology at Valdosta State University (Georgia) and Dickinson State University since 2001. His research interests include carbon sequestration by soil, the use of electrical conductivity methods in soil mapping, soil health and productivity, soils and society, and the integration of geological and soils information.

Cost:  Lunch $5.00 - Lunch will include pizza and pop.



Annual Dues: $20.00 Payment at the picnic will be much appreciated.
 Dues may also be paid online using the link in the left column.



SEPTEMBER 2012 MEETING
STEAK FRY KICK-OFF PICIC


Date & Time:  5:30 PM , THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 2012

Location:  Sertoma Park, Bismarck. Community Shelter (near the Superslide Amusement Park), where there is both indoor and outdoor seating!  (click here to view in Google maps)

Topic:  Steaks, Beer, and Pop.  A good time of good food, renewed acquaintances and a very short business meeting. Mark Bohrer will be our chef again this year with his phenomenal pitchfork Steak Fondue and all the fixings.

Limitations: This meeting and picnic is for members, their families and prospective members.

Mark needs to know how many steaks, so we NEED to have you RSVP to this e-mail or by phone to Timothy Nesheim (tonesheim@nd.gov or 701-426-0740) by 5 pm, September 7th !!!

Cost: $10.00 per person (children eat for free).

Annual Dues: $20.00 Payment at the picnic will be much appreciated.
 Dues may also be paid online using the link in the left column.



RMS-AAPG 2012 Annual Meeting Logo

Sign up now for the 2012 RMS-AAPG Annual Meeting in Grand Junction, Colorado

Eight Field Trips

* San Juan River Raft Trip             * Niobrara Shale Oil Play
* 2 Mesaverde TGS Trips              * Uravan Uranium
* Piceance Basin Oil Shale              * Unaweep Canyon Trip
* Geology and Wine

 Four Short Courses

* ExxonMobil Play Assessment
* GIS Applications
* Petrophysics of Unconventional Resources
* DPA Best Practices

 Two and one-half days of presentations

* Rocky Mountain Stratigraphy, Structure & Paleontology
* Resource Plays: Tight Gas, Shale Oil & Gas, & Oil Shale
* Coal, U, V, NaCl, Potash, and Hydrothermal Resources
* Geology and Wine

 Enjoy the Colorado Mountain Wine Festival.  Runs Thursday – Saturday immediately following meeting

 For more information on registering, exhibiting, or sponsoring, go to www.rmsaapg2012.com

Sign up before July 30th and save $75




ANNOUNCEMENT

The North Dakota Geological Society will be on Summer Recess until the Fall 2012 Kick-Off Picnic.  Watch for details in the September Geologram and on this website.

Publications may still be ordered during this time.  Thank you.






For more information about this website or to report any problems contact the webmaster at
ndgeosociety@gmail.com


 
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